Starting and Stopping MySQL on Unix

MySQL runs as the user mysql abd the server process is called mysqld.

[email protected]:~$ ps ax | grep mysqld
 4477 pts/4 S+ 0:00 grep --color=auto mysqld
31065 ? Ssl 0:01 /usr/sbin/mysqld

when using binary installations MySQL can be started and stopped with the startup scripts in /etc/init.d

Start MySQL

[email protected]:~$ sudo service mysql start

Stopping MySQL

[email protected]:~$ sudo service mysql stop

or using the mysqladmin shutdown

[email protected]:~$ mysqladmin -u joseph -p shutdown

Check Status

[email protected]:~$ sudo service mysql status
● mysql.service - MySQL Community Server
 Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
 Active: active (running) since Fri 2016-08-12 07:34:18 CAT; 35s ago
 Process: 5110 ExecStartPost=/usr/share/mysql/mysql-systemd-start post (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Process: 5105 ExecStartPre=/usr/share/mysql/mysql-systemd-start pre (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 5109 (mysqld)
 Tasks: 28 (limit: 512)
 CGroup: /system.slice/mysql.service
 └─5109 /usr/sbin/mysqld

Aug 12 07:34:17 ubuntu systemd[1]: Starting MySQL Community Server...
Aug 12 07:34:18 ubuntu systemd[1]: Started MySQL Community Server.

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